Midterm Results of a Contemporary, Porous-Coated Acetabular System in Patients Undergoing Primary Total Hip Replacement for Degenerative Hip Disease: A Prospective, Multicenter Study

J Arthroplasty. 2020 Jul;35(7):1862-1867. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2020.02.068. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Abstract

Background: A contemporary, porous-coated acetabular implant designed for uncemented insertion was introduced in Europe and Australia in 2007. A similar previous acetabular system was found in several studies at 10 to 15-year follow-up to demonstrate accelerated polyethylene wear, osteolysis, and early failure. The current study was conducted to determine the midterm safety and effectiveness of this contemporary acetabular system using highly crosslinked polyethylene and ceramic liners at 5-year follow-up.

Methods: A prospective, nonrandomized study was conducted at 8 sites in Canada and the United States. All 148 study participants received a contemporary acetabular shell with proprietary porous coating. The primary outcome was the requirement for revision surgery at 5 years postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included a survival analysis, patient-reported outcome measures, radiographic failure, and postoperative adverse events.

Results: At 5-year follow-up there was 1 cup revised for deep infection. No cups were revised for loosening and none were found to be radiographically loose. The overall survival rate with reoperation for any reason was 97.1%. The success rate was 96.8% for polyethylene and 100% for ceramic with no difference in the success rate between either bearing surface (P = 1.0). The mean patient-reported outcome measures all improved significantly between preoperative and 5-year postoperative scores (P < .001).

Conclusion: Results from this 5-year, multicenter, prospective study indicate excellent survivorship for this acetabular system when used with crosslinked polyethylene or ceramic bearing surfaces.

Keywords: R3; midterm results; porous coated; revision; total hip arthroplasty; total hip replacement.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetabulum / surgery
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip*
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Europe
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hip Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Porosity
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Reoperation
  • Treatment Outcome