Determination of Glyphosate in Dried Wheat by 1 H-NMR Spectroscopy

Molecules. 2020 Mar 28;25(7):1546. doi: 10.3390/molecules25071546.

Abstract

A wheat field was sprayed with a dosage of 1.1 kg a.i./ha Roundup PowerMax 10 days before harvest. The 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used for the detection and quantification of the glyphosate (GLYP) in dried wheat spikelets, leaves, and stems. The quantification was done by the integration of the CH2-P groups doublet at 3.00 ppm with good linearity. The GLYP content varied between different samples and parts of the plant. On average, the largest content of herbicide was found in leaves (20.0 mg/kg), followed by stems (6.4 mg/kg) and spikelets (6.3 mg/kg). Our study shows that the 1H-NMR spectroscopy can be a rapid and reliable tool for GLYP detection and quantification in the field studies.

Keywords: NMR; Roundup; crop desiccant; glyphosate; herbicide; preharvest spraying; wheat..

MeSH terms

  • Food Analysis
  • Food Contamination
  • Glycine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Glycine / analysis
  • Herbicides / analysis*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plant Stems / chemistry
  • Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy* / methods
  • Triticum / chemistry*

Substances

  • Herbicides
  • glyphosate
  • Glycine