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. 2020 Mar 28;17(7):2287.
doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072287.

CB-Art Interventions Implemented With Mental Health Professionals Working in a Shared War Reality: Transforming Negative Images and Enhancing Coping Resources

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CB-Art Interventions Implemented With Mental Health Professionals Working in a Shared War Reality: Transforming Negative Images and Enhancing Coping Resources

Dorit Segal-Engelchin et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Research on mental health professionals (MHPs) exposed to a shared war reality indicates that they are subject to emotional distress, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, and vicarious trauma. This article focuses on a CB-ART (cognitive behavioral and art-based) intervention implemented during the 2014 Gaza conflict with 51 MHPs who shared war-related experiences with their clients. The intervention included drawing pictures related to three topics: (1) war-related stressors, (2) coping resources, and (3) integration of the stressful image and the resources drawing. The major aims of the study were (1) to examine whether significant changes occurred in MHP distress levels after the intervention; (2) to explore the narratives of the three drawing and their compositional characteristics; and (3) to determine which of selected formats of the integrated drawing and compositional transformations of the stressful image are associated with greater distress reduction. Results indicate that MHP distress levels significantly decreased after the intervention. This stress-reducing effect was also reflected in differences between the compositional elements of the 'stress drawing' and the 'integrated drawing,' which includes elements of resources. Reduced distress accompanied compositional transformations of the stressful image. MHPs can further use the easily implemented intervention described here as a coping tool in other stressful situations.

Keywords: art-based intervention; coping resources; distress; mental health professionals; shared war realty; war-related stressors.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Selecting a new sheet of paper as the format for the integrative drawing.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Selecting the stress drawing as the format for the integrative drawing.

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