A multicentre, randomised, sham-controlled trial on REmote iSchemic conditioning In patients with acute STroke (RESIST) - Rationale and study design

Eur Stroke J. 2020 Mar;5(1):94-101. doi: 10.1177/2396987319884408. Epub 2019 Oct 25.


Rationale: Remote ischaemic conditioning, applied in the prehospital setting and continued in-hospital, may improve functional outcome in patients with acute ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage.

Aims: To evaluate whether combined remote ischaemic per- and postconditioning can improve long-term functional outcome in acute ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage patients.

Methods and design: Danish multicentre, prospective, randomised, patient-assessor blinded, sham-controlled study. Adult patients with a putative stroke identified prehospital with symptom duration <4 h, who are independent in daily activities will be randomised 1:1 to remote ischaemic conditioning or Sham-remote ischaemic conditioning. The treatment protocol will be five cycles, each consisting of 5 min with a blood pressure cuff inflation and 5 min with a deflated cuff placed on the upper extremity. The cuff pressure for remote ischaemic conditioning will be 200 mmHg-285 mmHg according to the individual systolic blood pressure and 20 mmHg sham-remote ischaemic conditioning during inflation. The study is approved as an acute study and consent is waived in the acute phase.Sample size estimation: For a 7% increased odds for a beneficial shift on the modified Rankin Scale at a significance level of 5% and power of 90%, 1000 patients with a target diagnosis of acute ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage and a total of 1500 patients with a prehospital presumed stroke will be included.Study outcomes: The primary outcome will be the modified Rankin Scale score measured at three-month follow-up (analysed using ordinal logistic regression). ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03481777.

Keywords: Acute ischaemic stroke; intracerebral haemorrhage; neuroprotection; perconditioning; postconditioning; prehospital; remote ischaemic conditioning.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03481777