Size and bridging of the sella turcica in Japanese orthodontic patients with tooth agenesis

Odontology. 2020 Oct;108(4):730-737. doi: 10.1007/s10266-020-00508-w. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the size and bridging of the sella turcica and tooth agenesis, and whether the likelihood of second premolar agenesis can be predicted from the sella turcica size and bridging in Japanese orthodontic patients. Patients were divided into four groups of 32: groups 1 and 2 consisted of patients with agenesis of the maxillary and mandibular second premolars, respectively; group 3, patients with severe tooth agenesis; and group 4, patients without tooth agenesis. Each group was divided into two subgroups of 16 each based on the patient's age: patients under 14 years of age (groups 1A through 4A, group A) and patients 14 years of age or older (groups 1B through 4B, group B). Lateral cephalograms were used to evaluate the size and bridging of the sella turcica. The interclinoidal distance (ID) was significantly shorter in groups 1 and 3 than in group 4, and in group 3 than in group 2. Group B exhibited significantly greater depth, diameter, area, and perimeter of the sella turcica than group A. Groups 3 and 1B had a significantly higher prevalence of sella turcica bridging than groups 4 and 4B, respectively. Maxillary second premolar agenesis and severe tooth agenesis were associated with a reduced ID irrespective of age and increased occurrence of sella turcica bridging. The early emergence in life of a short ID might be a predictor of possible second premolar agenesis in later life.

Keywords: Interclinoidal distance; Japanese orthodontic patients; Second premolar agenesis; Sella turcica bridge; Severe tooth agenesis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Bicuspid
  • Cephalometry
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Maxilla*
  • Sella Turcica*