Ten-year outcomes following a cohort of ASR XL total hip arthroplasties

Hip Int. 2020 Apr 1;1120700020913863. doi: 10.1177/1120700020913863. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Aims: To determine the outcome at 10 years of a cohort of ASR XL total hip arthroplasties (THAs) and reasons for revision.

Methods: Between November 2005 and May 2007, 122 ASR XL THAs were implanted. All patients had a routine review at 6 weeks and 1 year, followed by a review in 2009 because of clinical concern and thereafter annual review up to 10 years with MRI. Review also included functional scores, radiographs, pain scores and blood metal ions.

Results: 67 (54.9%) ASR XLs had been revised by 11.1 years. Reasons for revision included pain (89.6%), high levels of cobalt and chromium ions (50.7%) and radiographic or MRI changes (80.6%). All 3 factors were present in 23 (34.3%). Pain at 1 year did not predict revision, but pain at the 2009 review did. At 10 years the revised patients had an average Oxford Hip Score (OHS) of 25.38 (12-42) and the non-revised 23.61 (2-21), the difference was not significant (p = 0.48). 3 patients (4.5%) have had a further revision; 2 for a previously unrevised stem and the other for instability.

Conclusions: Our arthroplasty care practitioner service allowed us to identify increased pain and stop using the ASR XL over 3 years before the implant was recalled. The revised patients had similar functional outcome to those unrevised. Poorly performing implants need to be identified earlier.

Keywords: ASR; outcome; review; revision; total hip arthroplasty.