Tick-borne rickettsioses in Europe – a review

Przegl Epidemiol. 2019;73(4):523-530. doi: 10.32394/pe.73.49.


Tick-borne rickettsioses are emerging diseases in Europe. The Mediterranean region is endemic for rickettsioses, but the disease can also occur in other European countries. Ticks can be a vector of these bacteria. Spotted fevers caused by rickettsiae have nonspecific symptoms and are difficult to diagnose. The results of serological tests are positive many days after the onset of symptoms. PCR method can be useful in the diagnostic process. In the article we discuss the problem of rickettsia in Europe.

Keywords: Europe; Rikettsiales; Rickettsia; Spotted Fever Group; ticks.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Poland
  • Rickettsia / classification*
  • Rickettsia Infections / drug therapy
  • Rickettsia Infections / epidemiology*
  • Rickettsia Infections / microbiology
  • Siphonaptera / microbiology
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / drug therapy
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Tick-Borne Diseases / microbiology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents