Interaction Between the Scaffold Proteins CBP by IQGAP1 Provides an Interface Between Gene Expression and Cytoskeletal Activity

Sci Rep. 2020 Apr 1;10(1):5753. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-62069-w.

Abstract

Crosstalk between cellular pathways is often mediated through scaffold proteins that function as platforms for the assembly of signaling complexes. Based on yeast two-hybrid analysis, we report here the interaction between two complex scaffold proteins, CREB-binding protein (CBP) and the Ras GTPase-activating-like protein 1 (IQGAP1). Dissection of the interaction between the two proteins reveals that the central, thus far uncharacterized, region of IQGAP1 interacts with the HAT domain and the C-terminal intrinsically disordered region of CBP (termed ID5). Structural analysis of ID5 by solution NMR spectroscopy and SAXS reveals the presence of two regions with pronounced helical propensity. The ID5 region(s) involved in the interaction of nanomolar affinity were delineated by solution NMR titrations and pull-down assays. Moreover, we found that IQGAP1 acts as an inhibitor of the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) activity of CBP. In in vitro assays, the CBP-binding region of IQGAP1 positively and negatively regulates the function of HAT proteins of different families including CBP, KAT5 and PCAF. As many signaling pathways converge on CBP and IQGAP1, their interaction provides an interface between transcription regulation and the coordination of cytoskeleton. Disruption or alteration of the interaction between these scaffold proteins may lead to cancer development or metastatic processes, highlighting the importance of this interaction.