Predictors of emergency department attendance following ureterorenoscopy for urolithiasis

Ir J Med Sci. 2020 Nov;189(4):1445-1449. doi: 10.1007/s11845-020-02221-7. Epub 2020 Apr 1.


Background: We sought to determine the rate of emergency department (ED) attendance for complications after ureterorenoscopy (URS) for stone disease and to identify risk factors for ED attendance after URS.

Methods: An analysis of all patients undergoing URS over 12 months at a single institution was performed. Patient demographics, preoperative and intraoperative variables associated with postoperative complications and subsequent ED attendance were collected. Logistic regression analyses were performed to determine predictors of URS complications presenting to ED.

Results: In total, 202 ureteroscopies were performed on 142 patients for urolithiasis. The mean age was 50.73 ± 13.93 and 66% were male. The incidence of re-presentation to ED was 14.8% (n = 30). Patients presented with postoperative pain (n = 10; 4.95%), pyrexia (n = 9; 4.46%), urinary tract infection (UTI) (n = 7, 3.47%), haematuria (n = 3, 1.49%) and urosepsis (n = 1; 0.5%). Significant risk factors for ED attendance included preoperative stent dwell time > 30 days (P = 0.004), recently treated positive preoperative urine culture (P < 0.0001), stone size ≥ 13 mm (P = 0.043), stone location mid-ureter (P = 0.036) and female gender (P = 0.005). The following factors did not predict ED attendance, stent omission, access sheath utilization and operation duration.

Conclusion: Risk factors for ED attendance after URS include prolonged pre-stent dwell time, stone size ≥ 13 mm, treatment for a positive preoperative urine culture, mid-ureteric stone location and female gender. Urologists should be aware of these findings to decrease the risk of emergency re-presentation after elective URS surgery.

Keywords: Complications; Emergency department; Stones; Ureteroscopy.

MeSH terms

  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ureteroscopy / adverse effects*
  • Urolithiasis / complications*
  • Urolithiasis / diagnostic imaging