Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are used to treat patients with end-stage arthritis. Previous studies have not demonstrated a consistent relationship between age and patient-reported outcomes. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of age on patient-reported outcomes after unilateral primary THA or TKA.
Methods: A retrospective review of available data in Alberta Bone and Joint Health Institute (ABJHI) Data Repository was performed. We identified 53,498 unilateral primary THA and TKA between April 2011 and 2017. Patients were divided by age into 3 categories: <55, 55-70, and >70. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) and EuroQoL 5-dimension (EQ-5D) Canada scores were obtained at presurgery, 3 and 12 months postoperatively.
Results: For TKA, younger patients had larger improvements in WOMAC scores at 3 and 12 months (P = <.001-.033), and in EQ-5D scores at 3 months (P < .001). When adjusted, patients <55 had lower WOMAC and EQ-5D scores at 3 months postoperatively compared to those 55-70 or >70 (all P < .01). Outcomes at 12 months did not differ between age-groups. For THA, younger patients had larger improvements in WOMAC at 3 months (P = .03). When adjusted, patients <55 had higher WOMAC scores at 12 months postoperatively compared to those 55-70 or >70, and higher EQ-5D scores compared to those 55-70 (all P < .05).
Conclusion: While a multitude of factors go in to quantifying successful THA or TKA, this study suggests that patient age should not be a deterrent when considering the impact of age on patient-reported outcomes.
Keywords: WOMAC and EQ-5D; age; patient-reported outcome measures; total hip arthroplasty; total knee arthroplasty.
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