The COVID-19 Pandemic: Effects on Low- And Middle-Income Countries

Anesth Analg. 2020 Jul;131(1):86-92. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000004846.


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly around the world with devastating consequences on patients, health care workers, health systems, and economies. As it reaches low- and middle-income countries, its effects could be even more dire, because it will be difficult for them to respond aggressively to the pandemic. There is a great shortage of all health care providers, who will be at risk due to a lack of personal protection equipment. Social distancing will be almost impossible. The necessary resources to treat patients will be in short supply. The end result could be a catastrophic loss of life. A global effort will be required to support faltering economies and health care systems.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Coronavirus Infections / economics*
  • Coronavirus Infections / therapy
  • Developing Countries*
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation
  • Pandemics / economics*
  • Patient Care Management / economics
  • Patient Care Management / organization & administration
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Pneumonia, Viral / economics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / therapy
  • Poverty*

Supplementary concepts

  • COVID-19