Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health and Quality of Life among Local Residents in Liaoning Province, China: A Cross-Sectional Study

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 31;17(7):2381. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072381.

Abstract

Our study aimed to investigate the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and quality of life among local Chinese residents aged ≥18 years in Liaoning Province, mainland China. An online survey was distributed through a social media platform between January and February 2020. Participants completed a modified validated questionnaire that assessed the Impact of Event Scale (IES), indicators of negative mental health impacts, social and family support, and mental health-related lifestyle changes. A total of 263 participants (106 males and 157 females) completed the study. The mean age of the participants was 37.7 ± 14.0 years, and 74.9% had a high level of education. The mean IES score in the participants was 13.6 ± 7.7, reflecting a mild stressful impact. Only 7.6% of participants had an IES score ≥26. The majority of participants (53.3%) did not feel helpless due to the pandemic. On the other hand, 52.1% of participants felt horrified and apprehensive due to the pandemic. Additionally, the majority of participants (57.8-77.9%) received increased support from friends and family members, increased shared feeling and caring with family members and others. In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with mild stressful impact in our sample, even though the COVID-19 pandemic is still ongoing. These findings would need to be verified in larger population studies.

Keywords: China; IES; coronavirus; mental health; pandemic.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / epidemiology
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Betacoronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • China / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / complications
  • Coronavirus Infections / psychology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Emotions
  • Family
  • Family Health
  • Fear*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pandemics*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / complications
  • Pneumonia, Viral / psychology*
  • Quality of Life*
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult