The Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Resilience, Test Anxiety, Academic Stress and the Mediterranean Diet. A Study with University Students

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Mar 20;17(6):2071. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17062071.


The academic transition to university is a turning point in young people's lifestyles. However, studies to date have focused on student behaviour within the classroom context, rather than on the consequences it may have on their lifestyle. This study aims to analyze the influence of emotional intelligence of university students on their resilience, academic stress, exam anxiety, and eating habits related to the Mediterranean diet at the university stage. This study was carried out with the participation of 733 male and 614 female students from the University of Almeria, aged between 19 and 27. A structural equation model was made to explain the causal relationships between the variables. The results showed emotional intelligence positively predicted resilience. In turn, test anxiety and academic stress were negatively predicted by resilience. Finally, test anxiety and academic stress were negatively predicted by the Mediterranean diet. In short, the results of the present study have shown that academic transfer to university and grading pressure can generate maladaptive consequences for food consumption.

Keywords: academic stress; emotional intelligence; mediterranean diet; resilience; test anxiety.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anxiety*
  • Diet, Mediterranean*
  • Emotional Intelligence*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Students
  • Test Anxiety Scale
  • Universities
  • Young Adult