Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a complex condition with multiple causes each with varying degrees of severity. HE negatively impacts patients' quality of life, and it is associated with significant burdens to patients and their caregivers. The prevalence of cirrhosis, the most common risk factor for HE, has steadily increased during recent years. In turn, an upsurge in the clinical and health care burdens related to HE is expected in the upcoming years. This article provides a comprehensive review of the epidemiology of HE.
Keywords: Disease classification; Hepatic encephalopathy; Incidence; Prevalence; Prevention; Risk factors.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.