Ganoderma Lucidum Polysaccharides Ameliorates Hepatic Steatosis and Oxidative Stress in db/db Mice via Targeting Nuclear Factor E2 (Erythroid-Derived 2)-Related Factor-2/Heme Oxygenase-1 (HO-1) Pathway

Med Sci Monit. 2020 Apr 4;26:e921905. doi: 10.12659/MSM.921905.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its comorbidities, including obesity, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, are commonly associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (GDLP) is one of the central bioactive components in Ganoderma lucidum with anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and hepatoprotective properties. However, the effect and mechanisms of GDLP in hepatic steatosis remain largely unknown. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the function of GDLP in hepatic steatosis and the underlying mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, male db/db mice were received with a high-fat diet (HFD) to investigate the effect of GDLP in T2DM-induced hepatic steatosis. The biological characteristics of the hepatic steatosis were evaluated through the detection of clinical indicators, including biochemical parameters, histopathology, and related cytokine levels. Additionally, the protein expression levels of Nrf2 (nuclear factor E2 (erythroid-derived 2)-related factor-2) signaling pathway were investigated by using western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS The levels of food/water intake, body weight, fasting blood glucose, plasma lipids, urinary biomarkers, hepatic lipid accumulation, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha were observably decreased in GDLP-treated db/db mice. Additionally, administration of GDLP increased the expression of various antioxidases, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), whereas it reduced the level of malonaldehyde (MDA). Furthermore, GDLP was significantly promoted protein expression level of Nrf2 and its downstream target gene HO-1 (heme oxygenase-1) while decreased TNF-alpha expression. CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that GDLP against T2DM-induced hepatic steatosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation by improving the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway in db/db mice, suggesting the GDLP may serve as an effective strategy for in fatty liver treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism
  • Fatty Liver / drug therapy*
  • Heme Oxygenase-1 / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • NF-E2-Related Factor 2 / metabolism*
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Polysaccharides
  • Reishi / chemistry*

Substances

  • NF-E2-Related Factor 2
  • Polysaccharides
  • Heme Oxygenase-1