Caregiver-reported clinical characteristics and the burden associated with Kabuki syndrome

Am J Med Genet A. 2020 Jul;182(7):1592-1600. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.61584. Epub 2020 Apr 4.


Kabuki syndrome is a genetic disorder that can affect multiple body systems and manifest as congenital abnormalities and both developmental and socio-emotional delays. The condition is largely unknown by most primary care physicians and has no available treatment other than symptomatic management. This research sought to obtain caregiver-reported data about the experience of living with and caring for someone with Kabuki syndrome to fill a gap in the available literature. Fifty-seven caregivers participated in an online survey and reported that Kabuki syndrome affected their children in a wide variety of ways, including a high frequency of visits to various healthcare professionals. Caregivers reported their child experienced problems with hearing, eating, eyes, mouth, immune system, anxiety, depression, autism, teeth, joints, seizures, kidneys, and heart. Caregivers also described the challenges of caring for someone with Kabuki syndrome, including an impact on emotional well-being and the ability to work outside the home. This unique research characterizes the caregiver experience of living with and caring for someone with Kabuki syndrome, both through observed manifestations of Kabuki syndrome in their own children and their experience managing their treatment. Additional research is needed to investigate the patient experience of living with Kabuki syndrome.

Keywords: Kabuki syndrome; burden; caregiver; survey.

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / etiology
  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / psychology
  • Adult
  • Caregivers* / psychology
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology
  • Emotions
  • Face / abnormalities*
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss / etiology
  • Hematologic Diseases* / etiology
  • Hematologic Diseases* / psychology
  • Humans
  • Infections
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parents
  • Seizures / etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Vestibular Diseases* / etiology
  • Vestibular Diseases* / psychology
  • Young Adult

Supplementary concepts

  • Kabuki syndrome