High-income countries face the challenge of providing effective and efficient care to the relatively small proportion of their populations with high health and social care needs. Recent reports suggest that integrated health and social care programs target specific high-needs population segments, coordinate health and social care services to meet their clients' needs, and engage clients and their caregivers. We identified thirty health and social care programs in eleven high-income countries that delivered care in new ways. We used a structured survey to characterize the strategies and activities used by these programs to identify and recruit clients, coordinate care, and engage clients and caregivers. We found that there were some common features in the implementation of these innovations across the eleven countries and some variation related to local context or the clients served by these programs. Researchers could use this structured approach to better characterize the core components of innovative integrated care programs. Policy makers could use this approach to provide a common language for international policy exchange, and this structured characterization of successful programs could play an important role in spreading them and scaling them up.
Keywords: Addiction; Caregivers; Global health; Health policy; Home care; Integrated care; International comparison; Organization of care; Populations; Primary care; Primary care providers; Serious mental illness; Shared decision making; mental health.