Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19): From causes to preventions in Hong Kong

Int J Infect Dis. 2020 May;94:156-163. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.059. Epub 2020 Apr 3.


Hong Kong has been recently attacked by the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). In late January 2020, it's shown a steadily increasing trend of confirmed cases. There is a 257 in total infected cases confirmed including 4 deaths until 20th of March 2020. To prevent further outbreak of COVID-19, this article discusses the current understanding of COVID-19 and compares with the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 in 2003 of Hong Kong from the causes, transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and preventions to study for an applicable measurement to control COVID-19.

Keywords: Causes; Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19); Diagnosis; Hong Kong; Preventions; Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS); Symptoms; Transmission; Treatments.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus*
  • COVID-19
  • Coronavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Coronavirus Infections / prevention & control*
  • Coronavirus Infections / therapy
  • Coronavirus Infections / transmission
  • Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control
  • Health Personnel
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Pandemics / prevention & control*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / epidemiology
  • Pneumonia, Viral / prevention & control*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / therapy
  • Pneumonia, Viral / transmission
  • SARS Virus*
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome* / epidemiology
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome* / therapy
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome* / transmission