Phosphoinositides in Retinal Function and Disease

Cells. 2020 Apr 2;9(4):866. doi: 10.3390/cells9040866.


Phosphatidylinositol and its phosphorylated derivatives, the phosphoinositides, play many important roles in all eukaryotic cells. These include modulation of physical properties of membranes, activation or inhibition of membrane-associated proteins, recruitment of peripheral membrane proteins that act as effectors, and control of membrane trafficking. They also serve as precursors for important second messengers, inositol (1,4,5) trisphosphate and diacylglycerol. Animal models and human diseases involving defects in phosphoinositide regulatory pathways have revealed their importance for function in the mammalian retina and retinal pigmented epithelium. New technologies for localizing, measuring and genetically manipulating them are revealing new information about their importance for the function and health of the vertebrate retina.

Keywords: membrane trafficking; phosphoinositides; retinal lipids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Phosphatidylinositols / adverse effects*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Transport / physiology*
  • Retina / pathology*
  • Retinal Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Signal Transduction


  • Phosphatidylinositols