Purpose: To evaluate if there was a correlation between in vivo kinematics of a medial-stabilized (MS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and post-operative clinical scores. We hypothesized that (1) a MS-TKA would produce a medial pivot movement and that (2) this specific pattern would be correlated with higher clinical scores.
Methods: 18 patients were evaluated through clinical and functional scores evaluation (Knee Society Score clinical and functional, Womac, Oxford), and kinematically through dynamic radiostereometric analysis (RSA) at 9 months after MS-TKA, during the execution of a sit-to-stand and a lunge motor task. The anteroposterior (AP) Low Point translation of medial and lateral femoral compartments was compared through Student's t test (p < 0.05). A correlation analysis between scores and kinematics was performed through the Pearson's correlation coefficient r.
Results: A significantly greater (p < 0.0001) anterior translation of the lateral compartment with respect to the medial one was found in both sit-to-stand (medial 2.9 mm ± 0.7 mm, lateral 7.1 mm ± 0.6 mm) and lunge (medial 5.3 mm ± 0.9 mm, lateral 10.9 mm ± 0.7 mm) motor tasks, thus resulting in a medial pivot pattern in about 70% of patients. Significant positive correlation in sit-to-stand was found between the peak of AP translation in the lateral compartment and clinical scores (r = 0.59 for Knee Society Score clinical and r = 0.61 for Oxford). Moreover, we found that the higher peak of AP translation of the medial compartment correlated with lower clinical scores (r = - 0.55 for Knee Society Score clinical, r = - 0.61 for Womac and r = - 0.53 for Oxford) in the lunge. A negative correlation was found between Knee Society Score clinical and VV laxity during sit-to-stand (r = - 0.56) and peak of external rotation in the lunge motor task (r = - 0.66).
Conclusions: The MS-TKA investigated produced in vivo a medial pivot movement in about 70% of patients in both examined motor tasks. There was a correlation between the presence of medial pivot and higher post-operative scores.
Level of evidence: IV.
Keywords: Dynamic RSA; Medial pivot; Medial-stabilized; TKA.