Associated Factors of Postpartum Modern Contraceptive Use in Burie District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

J Pregnancy. 2020 Mar 21:2020:6174504. doi: 10.1155/2020/6174504. eCollection 2020.


Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was employed among 686 mothers in Burie District from March 16 to March 25, 2017. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Data were collected using face to face interviewer administered structured questionnaires. Then, the collected data was entered, coded, and cleaned into EPI Data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20.0 for data analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was done to assess the association of factors with postpartum modern contraceptive use. Adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and p values <0.05 were considered to indicate statistical significance.

Result: This study revealed that postpartum modern contraceptive use was found to be 20.7%. Postpartum modern contraceptive use was significantly associated with women's level of education (AOR = 0.15, 95% CI (0.03-0.71)), discussing FP methods with partner (AOR = 0.60, 95% CI (0.40-0.90)), knowing menses return after birth (AOR = 0.39, 95% CI (0.25-0.59)), ever heard about modern FP methods (AOR = 0.06, 95% CI (0.01-0.43)), and contacting health professionals (AOR = 1.85, 95% CI (1.19-2.88)). Conclusion and Recommendations. Postpartum modern contraceptive use was found to be low. Therefore, health professionals should work on improvements in women's educational status, making awareness of the women and counseling of their husbands about the use of postpartum contraception, when fertility returned and risky timing for becoming pregnant.

MeSH terms

  • Contraception / methods*
  • Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Educational Status
  • Ethiopia / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Postpartum Period*