Following the administration of immune checkpoint inhibitors, an unexpected pattern of response designated as hyperprogression may be observed in certain patients. This paradoxical response corresponds to an acceleration in tumor growth and a dramatic decrease of patient survival. The reported incidence rates of hyperprogressive disease are highly variable, ranging between 4 and 29%. In this review, we have performed a literature search on hyperprogressive disease, including both retrospective studies and case reports, and discuss potential predictive biomarkers as well as potential mechanisms associated with immune-checkpoint inhibitor associated hyperprogression.
Keywords: hyperprogressive disease; immune checkpoint inhibitors; predictive factors; solid tumor; tumor growth.
Copyright © 2020 Denis, Duruisseaux, Brevet and Dumontet.