In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of a micro-immunotherapy medicine (MIM), 2LALERG, in a preclinical model of allergic respiratory disease sensitized with birch pollen extract (BPE). BALB/c mice were immunized with BPE, or saline solution, and were then challenged. Micro-immunotherapy medicine pillules were diluted in water, and 3 doses (0.75; 1.5; 3 mg/mouse) were tested and compared to vehicle control (3 mg/mouse). Treatments and vehicle were orally administered by gavage for 10 days. Micro-immunotherapy medicine (0.75 mg/mouse) reduced the number of total cells as well as the levels of interleukin (IL)-13 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) compared to vehicle control. Eosinophils in BALF tended to be lower compared to vehicle group, and the difference is close to significance. Histological analysis in the lungs confirms a moderate effect of MIM (0.75 mg/mice) on inflammatory infiltration and mucus production. Serum levels of IL-5 in MIM (0.75 mg/mouse)-treated mice were lower compared to vehicle; IL-4 levels tended to be lower too. Total immunoglobulin E (IgE) decreased in serum of MIM (1.5 and 0.75 mg/mouse) groups compared to vehicle control. Micro-immunotherapy medicine exerted the highest effect at the lowest dose tested. Micro-immunotherapy medicine resolved the local and systemic inflammation, even if partially, in a model of pollen-induced, IgE-mediated inflammation.
Keywords: IgE-mediated inflammation; low doses; micro-immunotherapy; pollen-induced allergy; ultra-low doses.
© The Author(s) 2020.