Introduction: Our aim in this study was to determine whether intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) or plasma exchange (PLEx) for treatment of neurologic disease is a trigger for thrombotic events.
Methods: Using administrative data from 2005 to 2014, we identified index admissions for thrombotic events. We performed case-crossover analyses for these admissions with previous admissions for neurologic disease with IVIg or PLEx using exposure periods of between 7 and 120 days.
Results: We identified 1.9 million admissions for venous thrombosis embolism, myocardial infarction, or acute ischemic stroke. The odds ratio for venous thrombosis embolism within a 30-day window after exposure to IVIg was 3.33 (1.34-8.30, P = .0097) and for PLEx was 4.29 (1.88-9.76, P = .0005). Myocardial infarction and acute ischemic stroke admissions were not associated with exposure to either therapy.
Discussion: Patients admitted for venous thrombosis embolism (but not acute ischemic stroke or myocardial infarction) were more likely exposed to either IVIg or PLEx during previous admission for neurologic disease.
Keywords: IVIg; PLEx; adverse events; therapeutics; thrombosis; trigger.
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