Outcome of toric intraocular lenses implanted in eyes with previous corneal refractive surgery

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2020 Apr;46(4):534-539. doi: 10.1097/j.jcrs.0000000000000089.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in eyes with previous laser in situ keratomileusis/photorefractive keratectomy (LASIK/PRK).

Setting: Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Design: Retrospective case series.

Methods: Consecutive cases that had previous myopic or hyperopic LASIK/PRK and had undergone cataract surgery with toric IOL implantation were retrospectively reviewed. Included were eyes that had (1) preoperative ocular biometry measurements with the Lenstar, (2) no intraoperative or postoperative complications, and (3) available postoperative manifest refraction at ≥3 weeks with corrected distance visual acuity of 20/30 or better. Vector analysis was used to assess the preoperative corneal and postoperative refractive astigmatism.

Results: In 56 eyes with previous myopic LASIK/PRK and 19 eyes with previous hyperopic LASIK/PRK, respectively, the mean magnitudes of corneal astigmatism were 1.34 ± 0.62 diopters (D) and 1.66 ± 0.80 D, 5% and 0% of eyes had anterior corneal astigmatism ≤0.50 D, and the centroid values were 0.31 D at 19 degrees ± 1.45 D and 0.74 D at 92 degrees ± 1.72 D preoperatively. Postoperatively, the mean magnitudes of refractive astigmatism were 0.36 ± 0.31 D and 0.34 ± 0.34 D, 80% and 84% of eyes had refractive astigmatism of ≤0.50 D, and the centroid values were 0.12 D at 152 degrees ± 0.46 D and 0.05 D at 172 degrees ± 0.48 D (all P < .05).

Conclusions: Toric IOLs were effective to correct preexisting corneal astigmatism in eyes with previous excimer laser corneal refractive surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Astigmatism / physiopathology
  • Biometry
  • Corneal Surgery, Laser*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperopia / physiopathology
  • Hyperopia / surgery*
  • Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ
  • Lasers, Excimer / therapeutic use
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myopia / physiopathology
  • Myopia / surgery*
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Photorefractive Keratectomy
  • Pseudophakia / physiopathology*
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity / physiology