Objective: To determine the added benefit of combining dry needling with a guideline-based physical therapy treatment program consisting of exercise and manual therapy on pain and disability in people with chronic neck pain.
Design: Randomized controlled trial.
Methods: Participants were randomized to receive either guideline-based physical therapy or guideline-based physical therapy plus dry needling. The primary outcomes, measured at 1 month post randomization, were average pain intensity in the previous 24 hours and previous week, measured with a numeric pain-rating scale (0-10), and disability, measured with the Neck Disability Index (0-100). The secondary outcomes were pain and disability measured at 3 and 6 months post randomization and global perceived effect, quality of sleep, pain catastrophizing, and self-efficacy measured at 1, 3, and 6 months post randomization.
Results: One hundred sixteen participants were recruited. At 1 month post randomization, people who received guideline-based physical therapy plus dry needling had a small reduction in average pain intensity in the previous 24 hours (mean difference, 1.56 points; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11, 2.36) and in the previous week (mean difference, 1.20 points; 95% CI: 1.02, 2.21). There was no effect of adding dry needling to guideline-based physical therapy on disability at 1 month post randomization (mean difference, -2.08 points; 95% CI: -3.01, 5.07). There was no effect for any of the secondary outcomes.
Conclusion: When combined with guideline-based physical therapy for neck pain, dry needling resulted in small improvements in pain only at 1 month post randomization. There was no effect on disability. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2020;50(8):447-454. Epub 9 Apr 2020. doi:10.2519/jospt.2020.9389.
Keywords: clinical trial; dry needling; neck pain; rehabilitation.