Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is ubiquitous with high biological and chemical activity. The large intake of DOM from compost, plant residues or soil can modify the behaviors of agrochemicals. Phenoxy herbicide is the third widely used herbicide around the world with both aromaticity and polarity. However, how the diverse fractions of DOM interacting with phenoxy herbicide and the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Thus, it is crucial to investigate the heterogeneous chemical properties of DOM fractions from variable sources and explore the interactive mechanisms. In this study, polar DOM derived from compost, rice straw and soil were fractionated, and the chemical properties of fractions were analyzed by spectrum technology and the complex interaction with phenoxy herbicide was assessed by infrared spectroscopy. Results showed that hydrophobic acid (HOA) was the largest component (49.6%) in compost DOM, while hydrophilic matter (HIM) was the main component in the polar DOM from rice straw and soil. The 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyac etic acid (MCPA) as one representative of phenoxy herbicides was used in our study, and the results showed the interaction between different DOM fractions and MCPA was heterogeneous. HOA containing abundant fulvic-like component and polar groups resulted a greatly complex interaction with MCPA mainly via hydrophobic force, ligand exchange and hydrogen bonding. Hydrophobic neutral fraction and acid-insoluble matter showed a medium interaction with MCPA as a result of enrichment with the high aromatic humic-like molecules. Inversely, no significant interaction between HIM and MCPA was observed. Our research revealed that the aromatic framework associated with polar groups in DOM dominated the interaction with phenoxy herbicide, which might affect the bioavailability, toxicity, and mobility of phenoxy herbicide.
Keywords: Complexation mechanism; Phenoxy herbicide; Polar fractions; Spectrum technology.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Conflict of interest statement
Declaration of competing interest The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
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