Preoperative optimization and patient education have allowed for the transition of thyroid surgery to the outpatient setting over the last few decades. Performing these operations in the outpatient setting has proven to be cost-effective and safe in the adult population. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of outpatient thyroid surgery in the pediatric population. A retrospective review from December 2015 to February 2019 of patients under the age of 18 years of age undergoing thyroidectomy performed by two endocrine surgeons at a large academic was performed. There were 55 consecutive operations performed in 51 patients for thyroid pathology, two were excluded as they were inpatient procedures. Cases were reviewed for complications, unplanned same-day admission, 30-day admission, unplanned reoperation, and death. Mean age was 15 ± 0.3 years (range 9-18 years), 79% of the patients were female. Operations were performed for Graves' disease (n = 29), thyroid cancer (n = 9), thyroid nodule (n = 6), multinodular goiter (n = 4), Hashimoto's disease (n = 3), and toxic adenoma (n = 2). Operations performed included: total thyroidectomy (n = 36), thyroid lobectomy (n = 13), total thyroidectomy with lymph node dissection (n = 2), and lateral neck dissection (n = 2). All patients were discharged home within 6 h after completion of the operation. Five (9.4%) patients had transient hypoparathyroidism, with parathyroid hormone levels <10 pg/mL immediately postoperatively. One patient (1.9%) developed a postoperative hematoma on postoperative day six and required reoperation and readmission. Two patients (3.8%) had permanent hypoparathyroidism and one had transient hoarseness (1.9%). There were otherwise no readmissions or ED visits. In conclusion, outpatient thyroid surgery is safe and effective for pediatric patients.
Keywords: Graves’ disease; Outpatient surgery; Pediatric surgery; Thyroid cancer; Thyroid nodule; Thyroidectomy.
Published by Elsevier Inc.