Long noncoding RNA SOX21-AS1 regulates the progression of triple-negative breast cancer through regulation of miR-520a-5p/ORMDL3 axis

J Cell Biochem. 2020 Nov;121(11):4601-4611. doi: 10.1002/jcb.29674. Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Abstract

Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported as a new kind of controllers about cancer processes in biology. In spite of the dysregulation of lncRNAs in various kinds of cancers, only a little of the information was effective on the expression configuration and inner effects of lncRNAs in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). This study valued the expression of lncRNA SOX21-AS1 and the biological role it played in TNBC. In our research, SOX21-AS1 had a high expression in TNBC cell lines. The functional experiments showed that knockdown of SOX21-AS1 obviously restrained cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition process and promoted cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, SOX21-AS1 was found to bind with miR-520a-5p. Besides, ORMDL3 was identified as a downstream target of miR-520a-5p, and the suppressed ORMDL3 expression induced by silenced SOX21-AS1 could be restored by miR-520a-5p inhibition. Further, data from rescue assays revealed that SOX21-AS1 could regulate the malignancy of TNBC via miR-520a-5p/ORMDL3 axis. All in all, we identified that SOX21-AS1 regulated the cellular process of TNBC cells via antagonizing miR-520a-5p availability to upregulate ORMDL3 expression.

Keywords: ORMDL3; SOX21-AS1; TNBC; miR-520a-5p.