Purpose: Several platelet indices have been linked to prognosis of various cancers, including metastatic colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic effect of mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) in early colon cancer (CC) patients.
Methods: This retrospective study included early CC patients who were followed up and treated between 2005 and 2017. Relapse free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined with respect to several demographic and clinical characteristics of patients, including MPV and PDW. The cut-off value was determined as >8.5 fL for MPV (sensitivity: 67.1%, specificity 54.5%) and ≤16% for PDW (sensitivity: 66.7%, specificity: 60.0%).
Results: The study included 394 patients, 53.3% of which were male. Stage I, II, and III patients constituted 8.9%, 46.4%, and 44.7% of the study population, respectively. Among all patients, RFS and OS were significantly longer in patients with MPV≤8.5 fL and PDW>16 fL (p<0.001 and p=0.011 for MPV, respectively; and p<0.001 and p=0.026 for PDW, respectively). In patients with stage III disease, those with MPV≤8.5 fL had significantly longer RFS and OS compared to those with MPV >8.5 fL (p<0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). On the other hand, those with PDW>16% had significantly longer RFS than that in those with PDW ≤16 fL among stage III patients (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, stage, perineural invasion, lymphovascular invasion, adjuvant treatment, CEA, CA19-9, PDW, and MPV were found the most significant factors affecting RFS.
Conclusion: Our study suggests that elevated MPV and decreased PDW appear to be unfavorable prognostic factors in early CC, especially in patients with stage III disease. Considering the wide availability and accessibility of these indices, it is reasonable to designate further larger prospective studies to clarify and verify their potential roles in early CC.