Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a complex condition characterized by end-organ hypoperfusion and requiring pharmacologic and/or mechanical circulatory support. It is caused by a decline in cardiac output due to a primary cardiac disorder. CS is frequently complicated by multiorgan system dysfunction that requires a multidisciplinary approach in a critical care setting. Appropriate use of diagnostic data using tools available in a modern cardiac intensive care unit should guide optimal management incorporating both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies to minimize morbidity and mortality.
Keywords: acute myocardial infarction; cardiogenic shock; critical care; heart failure; pulmonary artery catheterization.
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