Objective: To describe patients' preferences for prenatal and postpartum care delivery.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of postpartum patients admitted for childbirth and recovery at an academic institution. We assessed patient preferences for prenatal and postpartum care delivery, including visit number, between-visit contact (eg, phone and electronic medical record portal communication), acceptability of remote monitoring (eg, weight, blood pressure, fetal heart tones), and alternative care models (eg, telemedicine and home visits). We compared preferences for prenatal care visit number to current American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' recommendations (12-14 prenatal visits).
Results: Of the 332 women eligible for the study, 300 (90%) completed the survey. Women desired a median number of 10 prenatal visits (interquartile range 9-12), with most desiring fewer visits than currently recommended (fewer than 12: 63% [n=189]; 12-14: 22% [n=65]; more than 14: 15% [n=46]). Women who had private insurance or were white were more likely to prefer fewer prenatal visits. The majority of patients desired contact with their care team between visits (84%). Most patients reported comfort with home monitoring skills, including measuring weight (91%), blood pressure (82%), and fetal heart tones (68%). Patients reported that they would be most likely to use individual care models (94%), followed by pregnancy medical homes (72%) and home visits (69%). The majority of patients desired at least two postpartum visits (91%), with the first visit within 3 weeks after discharge (81%).
Conclusion: Current prenatal and postpartum care delivery does not match patients' preferences for visit number or between-visit contact, and patients are open to alternative models of prenatal care, including remote monitoring. Future prenatal care redesign will need to consider diverse patients' preferences and flexible models of care that are tailored to work with patients in the context of their lives and communities.