The DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) has well-established roles in DNA double-strand break repair, and recently, nonrepair functions have also been reported. To better understand its cellular functions, we deleted DNA-PKcs from HeLa and A549 cells using CRISPR/Cas9. The resulting cells were radiation sensitive, had reduced expression of ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM), and exhibited multiple mitotic defects. Mechanistically, nocodazole-induced upregulation of cyclin B1, anillin, and securin was decreased in DNA-PKcs-deficient cells, as were phosphorylation of Aurora A on threonine 288, phosphorylation of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) on threonine 210, and phosphorylation of targeting protein for Xenopus Klp2 (TPX2) on serine 121. Moreover, reduced nocodazole-induced expression of anillin, securin, and cyclin B1 and phosphorylation of PLK1, Aurora A, and TPX2 were rescued by inhibition of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) by proTAME, which prevents binding of the APC/C-activating proteins Cdc20 and Cdh1 to the APC/C. Altogether, our studies suggest that loss of DNA-PKcs prevents inactivation of the APC/C in nocodazole-treated cells.
Keywords: APC/C; Aurora A; DNA-PK; PLK1; TPX2; anillin; mitosis; nocodazole; protein kinase.
Copyright © 2020 Douglas et al.