Bacterial vaginosis-associated bacterium 1 (BVAB1) is an as-yet uncultured bacterial species found in the human vagina that belongs to the family Lachnospiraceae within the order Clostridiales. As its name suggests, this bacterium is often associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV), a common vaginal disorder that has been shown to increase a woman's risk for HIV, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections as well as preterm birth. BVAB1 has been further associated with the persistence of BV following metronidazole treatment, increased vaginal inflammation, and adverse obstetrics outcomes. There is no available complete genome sequence of BVAB1, which has made it difficult to mechanistically understand its role in disease. We present here a circularized metagenome-assembled genome (cMAG) of BVAB1 as well as a comparative analysis including an additional six metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) of this species. These sequences were derived from cervicovaginal samples of seven separate women. The cMAG was obtained from a metagenome sequenced with long-read technology on a PacBio Sequel II instrument while the others were derived from metagenomes sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq platform. The cMAG is 1.649 Mb in size and encodes 1,578 genes. We propose to rename BVAB1 to "Candidatus Lachnocurva vaginae" based on phylogenetic analyses, and provide genomic and metabolomic evidence that this candidate species may metabolize D-lactate, produce trimethylamine (one of the chemicals responsible for BV-associated odor), and be motile. The cMAG and the six MAGs are valuable resources that will further contribute to our understanding of the heterogeneous etiology of bacterial vaginosis.
Keywords: gynecology; microbial genomics; odor; vaginal microbiome; women's health.
Copyright © 2020 Holm, France, Ma, McComb, Robinson, Mehta, Tallon, Brotman and Ravel.