The mutated nickase Nt.BspD6I E418A has been obtained by site-directed mutagenesis. The purified protein has been crystallized, and its spatial structure has been determined at 2.45 Å resolution. An analysis of the crystal structures of the wild-type and mutated nickase have shown that the elimination of a carboxyl group due to the E418A mutation initiates marked conformational changes in both the N-terminal recognition domain and the C-terminal catalytic domain of nickase and insignificantly affects its linker domain. This is supported by changes in the functional properties of mutated nickase: an increase in the oligomerization capacity in the presence of a substrate, a reduction in the capacity to bind a substrate, and complete loss of catalytic activity.
Keywords: Cleavage domain; Crystal structure; Nickase; Recognition domain; Site-directed mutagenesis.
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