Pain management during diagnostic office hysteroscopy in postmenopausal women: a randomized study

Climacteric. 2020 Aug;23(4):397-403. doi: 10.1080/13697137.2020.1742685. Epub 2020 Apr 17.


Objective: This study aimed to compare efficacy and safety of lidocaine versus tramadol versus placebo in reducing the pain of diagnostic outpatient hysteroscopy (OH) in postmenopausal women.Materials and methods: This randomized double-blinded study included 156 menopausal women who received intrauterine lidocaine infusion or oral tramadol (50 mg) or placebo before diagnostic OH (52 women/group). Primary outcome was pain severity during the procedure using a 10-cm visual analog scale. Secondary outcomes were pain scores 10 and 30 min post procedure, satisfaction level, and ease of cervical entry.Results: Lidocaine had lower pain scores compared to placebo during and 10 min after the procedure (p < 0.001). Tramadol had lower pain scores than placebo during the procedure (p = 0.04), 10 min after the procedure (p = 0.03), and 30 min after the procedure (p = 0.04). Both lidocaine and tramadol resulted in an easier procedure than placebo (p < 0.001 and p = 0.04, respectively). Lidocaine had an easier cervical entry compared to tramadol (p = 0.004). Satisfaction scores in the lidocaine and tramadol groups were significantly higher than in the placebo group (p < 0.001).Conclusions: Lidocaine and tramadol were effective in reducing postmenopausal women-reported pain during and after diagnostic OH. However, lidocaine was better than tramadol in facilitating hysteroscope passage through the cervical canal and the reduction in pain levels with lidocaine was clinically relevant.Trial registration number: NCT03701984.

Keywords: Intrauterine lidocaine; hysteroscopy; postmenopausal women; tramadol.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures / adverse effects
  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Analgesics / therapeutic use*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysteroscopy / adverse effects
  • Hysteroscopy / methods
  • Lidocaine / therapeutic use*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Management / methods
  • Pain Measurement
  • Pain, Postoperative / drug therapy*
  • Pain, Postoperative / etiology
  • Pain, Procedural / drug therapy*
  • Pain, Procedural / etiology
  • Postmenopause
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tramadol / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Analgesics
  • Tramadol
  • Lidocaine

Associated data