HMMPred: Accurate Prediction of DNA-Binding Proteins Based on HMM Profiles and XGBoost Feature Selection

Comput Math Methods Med. 2020 Mar 28;2020:1384749. doi: 10.1155/2020/1384749. eCollection 2020.

Abstract

Prediction of DNA-binding proteins (DBPs) has become a popular research topic in protein science due to its crucial role in all aspects of biological activities. Even though considerable efforts have been devoted to developing powerful computational methods to solve this problem, it is still a challenging task in the field of bioinformatics. A hidden Markov model (HMM) profile has been proved to provide important clues for improving the prediction performance of DBPs. In this paper, we propose a method, called HMMPred, which extracts the features of amino acid composition and auto- and cross-covariance transformation from the HMM profiles, to help train a machine learning model for identification of DBPs. Then, a feature selection technique is performed based on the extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) algorithm. Finally, the selected optimal features are fed into a support vector machine (SVM) classifier to predict DBPs. The experimental results tested on two benchmark datasets show that the proposed method is superior to most of the existing methods and could serve as an alternative tool to identify DBPs.