A simple approach to mediate genome editing in the filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei by CRISPR/Cas9-coupled in vivo gRNA transcription

Biotechnol Lett. 2020 Jul;42(7):1203-1210. doi: 10.1007/s10529-020-02887-0. Epub 2020 Apr 16.


Objective: To simplify CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing in the industrial filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei based on in vivo guide RNA (gRNA) transcription.

Results: Two putative RNA polymerase III U6 snRNA genes were identified in the genome of T. reesei QM6a by BLASTN using Myceliophthora. thermophila U6 snRNA gene as the template. The regions approximately 500 bp upstream of two U6 genes were efficient promoters for the in vivo expression of gRNA. The CRISPR system consisting of Cas9 and in vivo synthesized gRNA under control of the T. reesei U6 snRNA promoters was sufficient to cause a frameshift mutation in the ura5 gene via non-homologous end-joining-mediated events.

Conclusions: We report a simple gene editing method using a CRISPR/Cas9-coupled in vivo gRNA transcription system in T. reesei.

Keywords: CRISPR/Cas9; Filamentous fungus; Gene editing; In vivo gRNA transcription; Trichoderma reesei.

MeSH terms

  • CRISPR-Cas Systems / genetics*
  • Gene Editing / methods*
  • Genome, Fungal / genetics*
  • Hypocreales / genetics*
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • RNA, Guide, Kinetoplastida / genetics*
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics


  • RNA, Guide

Supplementary concepts

  • Trichoderma reesei