Randomized study of the effect of gadopiclenol, a new gadolinium-based contrast agent, on the QTc interval in healthy subjects

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Nov;86(11):2174-2181. doi: 10.1111/bcp.14309. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Abstract

Aims: We investigated the effect of gadopiclenol, a new gadolinium-based contrast agent, on the QTc interval at clinical and supraclinical dose, considering the relative hyperosmolarity of this product.

Methods: This was a single centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo- and positive-controlled, 4-way crossover study. Forty-eight healthy male and female subjects were included to receive single intravenous (i.v.) administrations of gadopiclenol at the clinical dose of 0.1 mmol kg-1 , standard for current gadolinium-based contrast agents, the supraclinical dose of 0.3 mmol kg-1 , placebo and a single oral dose of 400 mg moxifloxacin.

Results: The largest time-matched placebo-corrected, mean change from-baseline in QTcF (ΔΔQTcF) was observed 3 hours after administration of 0.1 mmol kg-1 gadopiclenol (2.39 ms, 90% confidence interval [CI]: 0.35, 4.43 ms) and 5 minutes after administration of 0.3 mmol kg-1 (4.81 ms, 90%CI: 2.84, 6.78 ms). The upper limit of the 90% CI was under the threshold of 10 ms, demonstrating no significant effect of gadopiclenol on QTc interval. From 1.5 to 4 hours postdose moxifloxacin, the lower limit of the 90% CI of ΔΔQTcF exceeded 5 ms demonstrating assay sensitivity. Although there was a positive slope, the concentration-response analysis estimated that the values of ΔΔQTcF at the maximal concentration of gadopiclenol at 0.1 and 0.3 mmol kg-1 were 0.41 and 2.23 ms, respectively, with the upper limit of the 90% CI not exceeding 10 ms. No serious or severe adverse events or treatment discontinuations due to adverse events were reported.

Conclusion: This thorough QT/QTc study demonstrated that gadopiclenol did not prolong the QT interval at clinical and supraclinical doses and was well tolerated in healthy volunteers. The positive slope of the QTc prolongation vs concentration relationship suggests that hyperosmolarity could be associated with QTc prolongation. However, the amplitude of this effects is unlikely to be associated with proarrhythmia.

Keywords: QTc interval; gadopiclenol; healthy subjects; osmolarity; thorough QT study.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Azabicyclo Compounds
  • Contrast Media / adverse effects
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Fluoroquinolones / adverse effects
  • Gadolinium* / adverse effects
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Long QT Syndrome* / chemically induced
  • Male

Substances

  • Azabicyclo Compounds
  • Contrast Media
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Gadolinium
  • gadopiclenol

Grant support