Acute respiratory failure following pharmacologically induced hyperventilation: an experimental animal study

Intensive Care Med. 1988;15(1):8-14. doi: 10.1007/BF00255628.


The pulmonary effects of hyperventilation following infusion of sodium salicylate into the cisterna magna was studied in 16 spontaneously breathing adult sheep. We found a fall in PaO2, a decrease in the static compliance of the respiratory system, abnormal chest roentgenographic films, and grossly abnormal lungs following 3.5 to 13 h of hyperventilation. A control group of 15 sheep (10 sheep similarly injected with sodium salicylate, but then sedated and paralyzed and ventilated at normal tidal volume and respiratory rate on a mechanical ventilator, and 5 sheep infused with saline alone and breathing spontaneously) showed no pulmonary or arterial blood gas abnormalities. We conclude that prolonged hyperventilation under the conditions of this experiment precipitated events that resulted in acute lung injury.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Hyperventilation / chemically induced*
  • Hyperventilation / complications
  • Lung Volume Measurements
  • Respiration, Artificial
  • Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology*
  • Sheep
  • Sodium Salicylate / adverse effects


  • Sodium Salicylate