Background: Single-session high-dose stereotactic radiotherapy (radiosurgery) is a new treatment option for otherwise untreatable patients suffering from refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT). In the initial single-center case studies and feasibility trials, cardiac radiosurgery has led to significant reductions of VT burden with limited toxicities. However, the full safety profile remains largely unknown.
Methods/design: In this multi-center, multi-platform clinical feasibility trial which we plan is to assess the initial safety profile of radiosurgery for ventricular tachycardia (RAVENTA). High-precision image-guided single-session radiosurgery with 25 Gy will be delivered to the VT substrate determined by high-definition endocardial electrophysiological mapping. The primary endpoint is safety in terms of successful dose delivery without severe treatment-related side effects in the first 30 days after radiosurgery. Secondary endpoints are the assessment of VT burden, reduction of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) interventions [shock, anti-tachycardia pacing (ATP)], mid-term side effects and quality-of-life (QoL) in the first year after radiosurgery. The planned sample size is 20 patients with the goal of demonstrating safety and feasibility of cardiac radiosurgery in ≥ 70% of the patients. Quality assurance is provided by initial contouring and planning benchmark studies, joint multi-center treatment decisions, sequential patient safety evaluations, interim analyses, independent monitoring, and a dedicated data and safety monitoring board.
Discussion: RAVENTA will be the first study to provide the initial robust multi-center multi-platform prospective data on the therapeutic value of cardiac radiosurgery for ventricular tachycardia.
Trial registration number: NCT03867747 (clinicaltrials.gov). Registered March 8, 2019. The study was initiated on November 18th, 2019, and is currently recruiting patients.
Keywords: Cardiac arrhythmia; Clinical feasibility trial; Multi-center; Multi-platform; Radioablation; Radiosurgery; SBRT; Stereotactic body radiotherapy; Ventricular tachycardia.