Cerebrovascular Disease Is Associated With an Increased Disease Severity in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Pooled Analysis of Published Literature

Int J Stroke. 2020 Jun;15(4):385-389. doi: 10.1177/1747493020921664. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Abstract

Introduction: There is an urgent need to identify patients at high risk during the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Whether a history of stroke is associated with increased severity of disease or mortality is unknown.

Method: We pooled studies from published literature to assess the association of a history of stroke with outcomes in patients with COVID-19.

Results: A pooled analysis of 4 studies showed a ∼2.5-fold increase in odds of severe COVID-19. While a trend was observed, there was no statistically significant association of stroke with mortality in patients with COVID-19 infection.

Discussion: Our findings are limited by a small number of studies and sample size.

Conclusion: There is a ∼2.5-fold increase in odds of severe COVID-19 illness with a history of cerebrovascular disease.

Keywords: COVID-19; Cerebrovascular disease; Coronavirus.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Betacoronavirus
  • Coronavirus Infections / complications*
  • Coronavirus Infections / mortality*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Pneumonia, Viral / complications*
  • Pneumonia, Viral / mortality*
  • Stroke / complications*

Supplementary concepts

  • COVID-19
  • severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2