Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Young Pregnant Woman Precipitated by Urinary Tract Infection

Cureus. 2020 Mar 19;12(3):e7331. doi: 10.7759/cureus.7331.

Abstract

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening diabetic complication and medical emergency. Euglycemic DKA (EKDA) is a variant of DKA with normal range glucose levels. The condition can be difficult to diagnose due to the misleading euglycemic levels. Pregnancy, infection, low-calorie intake, and use of insulin are some of the common etiologies of EDKA. We report a case of a young, pregnant female, with type I diabetes mellitus, in her third trimester admitted with EKDA. The EKDA was triggered by urinary tract infection (UTI), and the patient had other etiologies that have predisposed her to EKDA. Along with the case presentation, we discuss the common etiologies, pathophysiology, and management of EKDA. Euglycemic DKA is a life-threatening emergency that needs to be recognized early and treated aggressively, especially in pregnant patients, to avoid deleterious effects to maternal and fetal health.

Keywords: diabetic ketoacidosis; euglycemic dka; pregnancy and dka; urinary tract infection dka.

Publication types

  • Case Reports