The psychometric properties, confirmatory factor analysis, and cut-off value for the Fraboni scale of ageism (FSA) in a sampling of healthcare workers

Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2021 Jan;57(1):9-19. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12521. Epub 2020 Apr 20.


Purpose: The Fraboni scale of ageism (FSA) is one of the scales used to determine ageism, which is the expression of prejudice toward the elderly because of their age through attitudes and behaviors. The purpose of this study is to determine the psychometric properties, factor analysis, and cut-off value for the FSA in a sampling of healthcare workers.

Design and methods: The sampling of this study was conducted methodologically in a descriptive and relationship-seeking type of research and comprised 814 healthcare workers employed at a university and state hospital.

Findings: As a result of the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, it was found that the FSA comprised 29 items and three subdimensions, that these three factors explain approximately 30.23% of the total variance, and that the cut-off value is 78.

Practice implications: This study determined that the Turkish adaptation of the FSA is a suitable tool to measure the ageism of healthcare workers.

Keywords: Fraboni scale of ageism; ageism; cut-off value; discrimination; elderly.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Ageism*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Health Personnel*
  • Humans
  • Psychometrics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires