Nocardiopsis deserti sp. nov., isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2020 May;70(5):3210-3218. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.004158.


The taxonomic status of a Nocardiopsis strain, designated H13T, isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil, was established by using a polyphasic approach. The strain was found to have chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological characteristics consistent with its classification within the genus Nocardiopsis and formed a well-supported clade in the Nocardiopsis phylogenomic tree together with the type strains of Nocardiopsis alborubida, Nocardiopsis dassonvillei and Nocardiopsis synnematoformans. Strain H13T was distinguished from its closest relatives by low average nucleotide identity (93.2-94.9 %) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (52.5-62.4 %) values calculated from draft genome assemblies and by a range of phenotypic properties. On the basis of these results, it is proposed that the isolate be assigned to the genus Nocardiopsis as Nocardiopsis deserti sp. nov. with isolate H13T (=CGMCC 4.7585T=KCTC 49249T) as the type strain.

Keywords: Atacama desert; Nocardiopsis deserti sp. nov; genomics; polyphasic taxonomy.

MeSH terms

  • Actinobacteria / classification*
  • Actinobacteria / isolation & purification
  • Altitude*
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • Chile
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Desert Climate*
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Phylogeny
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Soil Microbiology*


  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S