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. 2020 Apr 17;75:e1894.
doi: 10.6061/clinics/2020/e1894. eCollection 2020.

COVID-19 Diagnostic and Management Protocol for Pediatric Patients

Free PMC article

COVID-19 Diagnostic and Management Protocol for Pediatric Patients

Ana Paula de Carvalho Panzeri Carlotti et al. Clinics (Sao Paulo). .
Free PMC article


This review aims to verify the main epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory-related, and therapeutic aspects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in critically ill pediatric patients. An extensive review of the medical literature on COVID-19 was performed, mainly focusing on the critical care of pediatric patients, considering expert opinions and recent reports related to this new disease. Experts from a large Brazilian public university analyzed all recently published material to produce a report aiming to standardize the care of critically ill children and adolescents. The report emphasizes on the clinical presentations of the disease and ventilatory support in pediatric patients with COVID-19. It establishes a flowchart to guide health practitioners on triaging critical cases. COVID-19 is essentially an unknown clinical condition for the majority of pediatric intensive care professionals. Guidelines developed by experts can help all practitioners standardize their attitudes and improve the treatment of COVID-19.

Conflict of interest statement

No potential conflict of interest was reported.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Clinical Presentation of COVID-19.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Flu-like syndrome flowchart.

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