Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of ertugliflozin in Hispanic/Latino patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).Methods: Analysis of data from Hispanic/Latino patients who participated in randomized, double-blind phase III studies. Ertugliflozin efficacy was evaluated when initiated as a single agent (as monotherapy or add-on therapy) and when initiated in combination with sitagliptin. Least-squares mean change from baseline was calculated for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), body weight (BW), and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Safety evaluation included overall and prespecified adverse events (AEs).Results: Analyses included 1178 Hispanic/Latino patients. In a pooled analysis of three placebo-controlled studies where ertugliflozin was initiated as a single agent, the placebo-corrected change from baseline in HbA1c at week 26 for ertugliflozin 5 and 15 mg was -0.8 and -1.0%, respectively. In an active-comparator study, when initiated as a single agent, the change from baseline in HbA1c at week 52 was -0.5, -0.7, and -0.5% for ertugliflozin 5 mg, ertugliflozin 15 mg, and glimepiride, respectively. In a placebo-controlled study, when initiated in combination with sitagliptin, the placebo-corrected change from baseline in HbA1c at week 26 for ertugliflozin 5 mg/sitagliptin and ertugliflozin 15 mg/sitagliptin was -1.3 and -1.6%, respectively. In an active-comparator study, when initiated in combination with sitagliptin, the change from baseline in HbA1c at week 26 was -1.4, -1.6, and -0.9 for ertugliflozin 5 mg/sitagliptin, ertugliflozin 15 mg/sitagliptin, and sitagliptin alone, respectively. Reductions in BW and SBP were observed with ertugliflozin as a single agent or combined with sitagliptin. The incidences of overall and prespecified AEs in Hispanic/Latino patients were generally consistent with the known safety profile of ertugliflozin.Conclusion: Ertugliflozin, administered as a single agent or as a combination with sitagliptin, improved HbA1c, BW, and SBP. Ertugliflozin was generally well-tolerated in Hispanic/Latino patients with T2DM. Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers: NCT01986855, NCT01999218, NCT01958671, NCT02099110, NCT02036515, NCT02033889, and NCT02226003.
Keywords: HbA1c; Hispanic; Latino; SGLT2 inhibitor; ethnicity; type 2 diabetes.