Emerging Infectious Diseases of Rabbits

Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract. 2020 May;23(2):249-261. doi: 10.1016/j.cvex.2020.01.008.


Recently, multiple infectious organisms have been identified as the cause of emerging diseases in lagomorphs. The most important of these emerging diseases is rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) type 2, a new variant with differences in pathogenicity to classical RHDV. Hepatitis E is considered an emerging zoonotic infectious disease, with widespread prevalence in many different rabbit populations. Mycobacteriosis has been recently reported in other captive domestic rabbit populations. This article provides a recent review of the published literature on emerging infectious diseases in rabbits, including farmed, laboratory, and pet rabbits, some of which have zoonotic potential.

Keywords: Hepatitis E; Mycobacterium; Parvovirus; Picornavirus; Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus; Zoonoses.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caliciviridae Infections / epidemiology
  • Caliciviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / veterinary*
  • Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Rabbit / isolation & purification
  • Hemorrhagic Disease Virus, Rabbit / pathogenicity
  • Hepatitis E / epidemiology
  • Hepatitis E / veterinary*
  • Humans
  • Mycobacterium Infections / epidemiology
  • Mycobacterium Infections / veterinary*
  • Parvoviridae Infections / epidemiology
  • Parvoviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Picornaviridae Infections / epidemiology
  • Picornaviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Rabbits
  • Zoonoses