Background & aims: Bile acids are important metabolic signaling molecules. Bile acid receptor activation promotes body weight loss and improves glycemic control. The incretin hormone GLP-1 and thyroid hormone activation of T4 to T3 have been suggested as important contributors. Here, we identify the hepatic bile acid uptake transporter Na+ taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (NTCP) as target to prolong postprandial bile acid signaling.
Methods: Organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP)1a/1b KO mice with or without reconstitution with human OATP1B1 in the liver were treated with the NTCP inhibitor Myrcludex B for 3.5 weeks after the onset of obesity induced by high fat diet-feeding. Furthermore, radiolabeled T4 was injected to determine the role of NTCP and OATPs in thyroid hormone clearance from plasma.
Results: Inhibition of NTCP by Myrcludex B in obese Oatp1a/1b KO mice inhibited hepatic clearance of bile acids from portal and systemic blood, stimulated GLP-1 secretion, reduced body weight, and decreased (hepatic) adiposity. NTCP inhibition did not affect hepatic T4 uptake nor lead to increased thyroid hormone activation. Myrcludex B treatment increased fecal energy output, explaining body weight reductions amongst unaltered food intake and energy expenditure.
Conclusions: Pharmacologically targeting hepatic bile acid uptake to increase bile acid signaling is a novel approach to treat obesity and induce GLP1- secretion.
Keywords: Myrcludex B; NTCP; OATP; Obesity.
Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.