Reference and Ghost Proteins Identification in Rat C6 Glioma Extracellular Vesicles

iScience. 2020 May 22;23(5):101045. doi: 10.1016/j.isci.2020.101045. Epub 2020 Apr 10.


Extracellular vesicles (EVs) mediate intercellular communication and regulate a broad range of biological processes. Novel therapeutic strategies have emerged based on the use of EVs as biological nanoparticles. To separate isolated EVs from protein aggregates and the external part of EVs membrane proteins, we performed a Trypsin/Lys C digestion treatment of EVs pellets, followed by Amicon filtration. After these steps, all the fractions have been subjected to proteomic analyses. Comparison between 6 h Trypsin/Lys C treatment or non-treated EVs revealed a quantitative variation of the surface proteins. Some surface proteins have been demasked after 6 h enzymatic digestion like CD81, CD82, Ust, Vcan, Lamp 1, Rab43, Annexin A2, Synthenin, and VSP37b. Moreover, six ghost proteins have also been identified and one corresponds to a long noncoding RNA. We thus demonstrate the presence of ghost proteins in EVs produced by glioma cells that can contribute to tumorigenesis.

Keywords: Biochemistry; Cancer; Proteomics.